The clitoris is a female genital organ. It includes erectile tissue , glands , muscles and ligaments , nerves , and blood vessels. In an embryo there is a small raised point that grows into a clitoris in girls or a penis in boys. Inside, the penis there is the urethra , but there is no urethra in the clitoris. In women, the urethra is hidden behind the clitoris and in front of the vagina.
Physiological changes in female genital sensation during sexual stimulation
Clitoral erection is a physiological phenomenon where the clitoris becomes enlarged and firm. Clitoral erection is the result of a complex interaction of psychological, neural, vascular endocrine factors, and is usually, though not exclusively, associated with sexual arousal. The clitoris is the homologue of the penis in the female. The visible part of the clitoris, the glans clitoridis , varies in size from a few millimeters to one centimeter and is located at the front junction of the labia minora inner lips , above the opening of the urethra. It is covered by the clitoral hood. Any type of motion can increase blood flow to this organ and this results in increased secretions which lubricate the vagina.
This review, with 21 figures and 1 video, aims to clarify some important aspects of the anatomy and physiology of the female erectile organs triggers of orgasm , which are important for the prevention of female sexual dysfunction. The clitoris is the homologue of the male's glans and corpora cavernosa, and erection is reached in three phases: latent, turgid, and rigid. The vestibular bulbs cause "vaginal" orgasmic contractions, through the rhythmic contraction of the bulbocavernosus muscles. Because of the engorgement with blood during sexual arousal, the labia minora become turgid, doubling or tripling in thickness.
The clitoris is part of the genital anatomy of individuals assigned female at birth. It is an erectile structure, and it is homologous to the penis. That means it develops from the same structures in the embryo and has many similar properties. Like the penis, the clitoris is an erectile organ, although the erectile parts of the clitoris are located internally and are not visible to the eye.